While Spanish was permitted in the legislature until 1935, all state officials are required to have a good knowledge of English. New Mexico. Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled "Spain 1776" showing both the lack of communications and quality military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.. It is perhaps better known now as the home of or exhibition center for large numbers of artists, visual and otherwise. File Online. 1 well, begun in late 1927 with a standard cable-tool drilling rig, revealed the first signs of oil from the Hobbs field on June 13, 1928. During the 1940s, Project Y of the Manhattan Project developed and built the country's first atomic bomb and nuclear test, Trinity. The Albuquerque International Sunport is the state's primary port of entry for air transportation. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. , The U.S. Census Bureau estimated that 48% of the total 2015 population was Hispanic or Latino of any race, the highest of any state. Another transcontinental railroad was completed by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The original state constitution of 1912 provided for a bilingual government with laws being published in both English and Spanish; this requirement was renewed twice, in 1931 and 1943. Drilled to 4,330 feet and completed a few months later, the well-produced 700 barrels of oil per day on state land. There is also the Festival Flamenco Internacional de Alburquerque held each year in which native Spanish and New Mexican flamenco dancers perform at the University of New Mexico.  The Santa Fe Opera stages its productions between late June and late August each year. State tax policy results in low to moderate taxation of resident personal income compared to most U.S. states, with special consideration for military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. No less than six daily long-distance roundtrip trains supplemented by many branch line and local trains served New Mexico in the early 1960s. , New Mexico has long been an important corridor for trade and migration. The winner of the NMSU-UTEP football game receives the Silver Spade trophy. The Southern Pacific Railroad entered the territory from the Territory of Arizona in 1880. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military; the state hosts three air force bases (Kirtland Air Force Base, Holloman Air Force Base, and Cannon Air Force Base); a testing range (White Sands Missile Range); and an army proving ground (Fort Bliss's McGregor Range). Please contact the food bank that serves your county to be matched up to opportunities close to home. But as the tracks were constructed into New Mexico, the civil engineers decided that it was more practical to go through Lamy, a town in Santa Fe County to the south of Santa Fe. Santa Fe's ski area, Ski Santa Fe, is about 16 mi (26 km) north of the city.  In 2005, the percentage of persons below the poverty level was 18.4%. Councilors are elected to staggered four-year terms and one councilor from each district is elected every two years. , As of 2000, 8% of the residents of the state were foreign-born.. Santa Fe has many museums located near the downtown Plaza: Several other museums are located in the area known as Museum Hill:. New Mexico has had a problem with drunk driving, but that has lessened. They speak New Mexican Spanish or English at home. In the early 20th century, Santa Fe became a base for numerous writers and artists. However, many contemporary houses in the city are built from lumber, concrete blocks, and other common building materials, but with stucco surfaces (sometimes referred to as "faux-dobe", pronounced as one word: "foe-dough-bee") reflecting the historic style. Three secondary targeted industries for Santa Fe to focus development in are health care, retiree services, and food & beverage. Governors serve a term of four years, and may seek re-election for one additional term (limit of two terms). Such facilities have helped tribes close to population centers to generate revenues for reinvestment in economic development and welfare of their peoples. SANTA FE, N.M. (The Santa Fe New Mexican) — New Mexico’s capital city is weighing a series of cost-cutting measures to address a budget deficit as tax revenue and other income take a dive. Founded by Spanish colonists in 1610, Santa Fe is the oldest state capital city in the United States. The 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. There are four groups of rays with four rays in each group. As of the census of 2000, there were 62,203 people, 27,569 households, and 14,969 families living in the city.  As of 2007[update], the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.. They contributed to the founding of the annual Santa Fe Indian Market. The per capita income for the city was $25,454. The weekend after Labor Day boasts the burning of Zozobra, a fifty-foot (15 m) marionette, during Fiestas de Santa Fe. US 85 is currently unsigned by the NMDOT, but the AASHTO still recognize it. New Mexico capital city gears up for possible protests. Cobarrubias and Fishman therefore argue that New Mexico cannot be considered a bilingual state as not all laws are published in both languages. :110 No fewer than 100 railroads of various names and lineage have operated in the jurisdiction at some point. According to the United States Census Bureau Model-based Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, the number of persons in poverty has increased to 400,779 (19.8% of the population) persons in 2010 from 2000.  The Southwest Chief is a fast Amtrak long-distance train, being permitted a maximum speed of 90 mph (140 km/h) in various places on the tracks of the BNSF Railway. New Mexico holds strong to its Spanish heritage. The city usually receives six to eight snowfalls a year between November and April. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 2003. During his leadership, he traveled to France, Rome, Tucson, Los Angeles, St. Louis, New Orleans, and Mexico City. In terms of population, it is the 36th most populous state. 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